THE ABCS OF DIABETES

 

What can I do to stay as healthy as possible if I have diabetes? To stay healthy while suffering from Diabetes you have to follow ABC.

  • "A" stands for "A1C" – A1C is a blood test showing your average sugar control in the past 3 months.
  • "B" stands for "blood pressure" – If you have diabetes, controlling your blood pressure is just as important as controlling your blood sugar. High blood pressure puts you at risk for heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease.
  • "C" stands for "cholesterol" – Cholesterol is a waxy substance found in the blood. High cholesterol is another factor that increases your risk of heart attacks, strokes, and other serious problems.

Why are my ABCs so important? People with diabetes are 2 or 3 times more at risk of heart attack, a stroke or kidney disease. By following ABC you can lower your risk of these problems.

Isn't my  blood  sugar  the  most  important  thing?

Uncontrolled diabetes can cause problems, including:

  • Eye diseases that lead to vision loss or blindness ?Kidney disease

 Nerve damage (called "neuropathy") that can cause numbness or pain in the hands and feet

  • The need to have toes, fingers, or other body parts removed by surgery (amputated).

What should my ABC levels be? The levels you should aim for will depend on how severe your diabetes is,other concomitant illnesses etc.

Many people with diabetes aim for:

  • A1C levels below 7 percent
  • Blood pressure below 140/90, or lower in some cases 
  • LDL cholesterol level below 100 (LDL is one type of cholesterol, often called the "bad cholesterol")

How can I control my ABCs? You and IDEACLINICS will work together to create a plan to keep your ABCs under control. Your plan might include:

  • Medicines: Diabetic patients take medicines every day to control their blood sugar. They might be also suffering from high BP or cholesterol for which they need to take medicines. If you have any problems with your medicines, or you cannot afford them, talk to your doctor or nurse about these issues.
  • Lifestyle changes –Healthy lifestyle choices you make can have a big impact on your ABCs and your general health. Here are some things you can do to help keep your ABCs under control or reduce your health risks:
  • Make healthy food choices – Eat lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products. Limit the amount of meat and fried or fatty foods that you eat.
  • Be active – Walk, garden, or do something active for 30 minutes or more on most days of the week.
  • Stop smoking – Smoking increases the risk of a heart attack or stroke, or develop cancer.
  • Lose weight – Being overweight increases the risk of many health problems.
  • Avoid alcohol – Alcohol can increase blood sugar and blood pressure.

Many of the lifestyle changes can improve all 3 of the ABCs. For instance, being active and losing weight can help control blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels.