Sleep Problems (Insomnia)

Sleep disorder is an umbrella term for any disturbances in sleep patterns. Sleep is an essential need for all living being. Disturbances in sleep can result in serious and long term effects. It can result in cognitive disturbances, weakening of the immunity system, digestive problems, etc.

Some of the sleep disorders are – narcolepsy, sleep apnea, hypersomnia, parasomnia, insomnia, etc.

Insomnia is one common sleep disorder in the current scenario. Insomnia can be caused due to many factors like medication, stress, anxiety, negative thinking, irregular life style, change in sleep patterns, major life changes, presence of other medical conditions, addictions, depression, hormonal changes, etc.

On an average, most people need around 7-9 hours of peaceful sleep while some others may need as less than 6 hours or as high as 10 hours of sleep. Some signs of insomnia include difficulty falling asleep, difficulty maintaining sleep once awakened, irritability, poor cognition, pains, etc. Disturbed sleep patterns occurring for more than 1 month can be diagnosed as a disorder.

Treatment for sleep disorder is done by a sleep specialist who first does an assessment in a sleep clinic and then prescribes medication depending on the issue. A sleep diary may be maintained to keep track on a regular basis.

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Steps to help in treatment of insomnia include –

  1. Practice sleep hygiene
  2. Relaxation
  3. Cognitive therapy

Time schedule for use of technology before and after sleep.