Diabetes Mellitus or Type 2 Diabetes is a disease of the endocrine system where your body is unable to utilize the sugar formed in it. Every cell in our body needs sugar for its normal function. Insulin is the hormone that takes the sugar into the cells. If there is less insulin produced by the body or if the body does not respond to the insulin, then the blood sugar level rises .This person is then known as a diabetic.
There are 2 types of Diabetes:
- Type 1 Diabetes where there is no Insulin produced in the body.
- Type 2 Diabetes where there is deficiency of Insulin or body does not respond to Insulin.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes –
- Increased thirst
- Increased urination
- Increased appetite
- Vision problems
Uncontrolled blood sugar levels causes :
- Vision problems
- Numbness of hands and feet
- Kidney problems
- Heart attack
- Fingers/toes/feet amputation
Diagnosis of Diabetes– done by blood tests at the clinic.
Treatment– It is treated with oral tablets and injections depending on the sugar levels and duration of disease. One has to follow certain lifestyle modifications such as regular exercise , diet control, cessation of smoking, regular sugar check up along with oral medicines or insulin.It is also important to follow the correct prescription advise and go for regular follow up with your doctor.
Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented by mainly keeping BMI and weight under control. If you are already a diabetic, ideal weight should be maintained to achieve target blood sugar levels.
Institute of Diabetes, Endocrinology and adiposity (IDEA clinics) is a national organisation providing super specialist care in the fields of Diabetes, Endocrinology and obesity. We are a group of national and internationally qualified Endocrinologists, practicing in India and abroad. Reach us to know more